sources located at VSU which can be used for the study of the struggle
about school desegregation in Prince Edward County, Virginia.
Sources located at VSU
Estes Baker, 200 items, Papers 1950-1967
The personal and business correspondence of Helen Estes Baker
reflects her long career as a social activist committed to the
betterment of human kind. She was a graduate of Virginia State
University and was born in Suffolk, Virginia. Acc. #1982-19. Guide
Prentiss Daniel VSU-RG 2/5
Robert P. Daniel was appointed the fifth President of
Virginia State University (then Virginia State College) In December
of 1949. His appointment became effective in February 1950. Robert
P. Daniel served as President at Virginia State University from
1950-1968. During this time Mr. Daniel served on numerous boards
and commissions. In 1963 he was appointed one of the
trustees for the newly formed Prince Edward County Free School
Association. Included in Mr. Daniel’s official papers as
President of Virginia State University are minutes and correspondence
documenting his participation into the development and operation
of the Prince Edward County Free School Association.
Edward County (Free School), ca 50,000 items, Papers 1962-1964
Between the years 1959 and 1963, there were no public schools
in Prince Edward County, Virginia. After five long years the County
and State allowed Prince Edward’s schools to reopen. Because
the black children in the county had no school during this period
of time (the white students attended an all white academy), it
was thought best to organize a free school which would pave the
way for hundreds of young children to return to school after a
five year absence. The Prince Edward County, Virginia (free school)
papers are the records of that effort. The papers contain correspondence,
reports, photographs and other items, which document this sad
period in Virginia History. Acc. #1969-38.
Virginia Intercollegiate Association, ca 100,000 items, 1951-1969
Records of the Association that governed all non-academic activities
of the black high schools in Virginia. This manuscript group has
correspondence, photographs, minutes, reports, films, tapes, news
clippings and artifacts. The VIA was headquartered at Virginia
State University from 1954-1969. Acc. #1969-37. Guide Available
Virginia Teachers Association, ca 100,000 items, Papers 1929-1965
The Virginia Teachers Association was formed in 1887 by African-American educators and became the official organization dedicated to improving all aspects of black education in
the state. From 1887 through 1965 this association functioned
as the major “political pressure group,” as well as
an administrative agent lobbying for equal salaries and better
facilities. Additionally, these groups documented public
policies on education. Through it’s annual meeting, workshops,
bulletins, and newsletter their work and accomplishments are documented. Acc. #1969-14
Gibbs Richardson, ca 30,000 items, Papers 1919, 1970
In 1935, Archie Richardson became the highest-ranking African-American
in State Government. In that year, he was appointed assistant
to the assistant for “Negro” Education in Virginia.
In 1969 he retired as Associate Director of the Division of Secondary
Education in Virginia. His papers consist of correspondence, speeches,
writings, and several hundred photographs of Rosenwald and other
schools in use in Virginia in the 1930’s Acc. #1997-77.
Manuel Gandy VSU RG 2/3
The Gandy Papers, which are found in this manuscript group, do
not begin to reflect the rich and varied life of the man who was
President of Virginia State University for twenty-nine years.
They do however touch some of the highlights.
The strong points of the group are two unpublished manuscripts:
“The Life and Works of John M. Gandy” and a “History
of Virginia State College”, both edited by Dr. Edna Meade
Colson. Included in this series are also a few articles and speeches. Much of the materials document the history of African-American public schools in the state of Virginia during the era of "Jim Crowism."
Correspondence includes some family and general. The largest however
involves the 1936 student strike at V.S.U.
There are also several photographs and some printed matter, and
a very interesting scrapbook.
Masters Thesis Available at Virginia State
Leon T. Reaction to the 1954 Desegregation Decision, As seen in
Five Virginia Newspapers, 1954 to 1957
LaShawn Denise. Alternative Education For African-American Children
in Prince Edward County, Virginia 1959-1964
Johnette Martha. The Virginia Response To The Prince Edward Stand
Against School Integration
- James, William
Anderson. The Origin And Development Of The Free School Association
of Prince Edward County, Virginia, 1963-1964